This essay offers with a classical subject matter in historical historical past: the relationships among Rome and the Parthian and Sasanian worlds. what's unique is the viewpoint from which those relationships are investigated, i.e. ranging from the research of titles it appears utilized in a non-fitting context on each side of the border. a really Roman inspiration, the consularitas, Greek hypateia, is analysed at the one hand in its specific attribution to the Edessean sovereigns, however in its implicit attribution to the kings of Armenia and afterwards to the 'Chiefs' of Palmyra. The very Iranian identify of 'King of Kings' is usually investigated the following as unsuitably attributed to Odainath of Palmyra and his son Vaballath, including an research of the very Iranian identify argabetes of the most important Palmyrenean guy, Vorod. This essay is finished by way of a documentary replace on one other Iranian identify, pasgriba, 'heir to the throne, crownprince', attested within the royal households of Edessa and Hatra, whose that means has been deeply investigated in other places. The above pointed out topics obviously exhibit how tight the bonds linking the 2 facets of the river Euphrates was once, bonds that aren't simply cultural in a common means, yet extra concretely additionally institutional and political.
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